The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) revealed a warning in regards to the uncommon Ebola-like Marburg virus Thursday, advising American public health officials and medical doctors to be looking out.
There are two confirmed outbreaks of Marburg virus disease (MVD) in Tanzania and Equatorial Guinea. The CDC says the pathogen probably spilled over from wild animals to people.
There have been no reported Marburg diagnoses within the U.S., however the CDC seeks to “increase awareness of the risk of imported cases in the United States.”
The disease is often unfold by way of contact with contaminated blood or different bodily fluids reasonably than airborne transmission.
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“Currently, the risk of MVD in the United States is low; however, clinicians should be aware of the potential for imported cases,” the CDC mentioned.
The disease has epidemic potential, in response to the World Health Organization (WHO). It has excessive fatality charges — out of eight Tanzanian instances reported thus far, 5 of the sufferers died.
Equatorial Guinea officials reported their first outbreak Feb. 13, the place there have been 14 confirmed instances and 10 deaths. The Tanzanian authorities introduced its first-ever outbreak of MVD on March 21.
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Symptoms embrace headache, fatigue, sudden fever, unexplained bleeding and gastrointestinal signs. Muscle and joint ache and loss of urge for food are additionally widespread.
The incubation interval is often two to 21 days. The CDC famous that the disease is typically tough to diagnose.
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“Many of the signs and symptoms of MVD are similar to other infectious diseases (such as malaria or typhoid fever) or viral hemorrhagic fevers that may be endemic in the area (such as Lassa fever or Ebola),” the CDC mentioned. “This is especially true if only a single case is involved.”
The CDC says the disease’s mortality charge is anyplace from 23% to 90%. There is not any Food and Drug Administration (FDA) permitted vaccine for the disease, however fluid substitute and intensive supportive care in its early phases will be profitable.