“Reconstruction,” by Frederick Douglass, appeared within the December 1866 situation of this journal. It was crucial article that The Atlantic printed within the fast postwar period. It was additionally, for its time, unusually concise, coming in at a mere 2,703 phrases. In contrast, The Atlantic’s 1860 endorsement of Abraham Lincoln, written by James Russell Lowell, had run to 7,331 phrases, and Lincoln himself was not talked about till the 1,747th phrase. (The editorial did succeed, after all. And sure, I’m taking credit score on behalf of The Atlantic for Lincoln’s presidency.)
Douglass printed his name for a radical reimagining of the American concept at an ambiguous however promising second. Already, the toddler venture of Reconstruction—of the South, of the lives of newly liberated Black Individuals, of the Structure itself—was stimulating opposition that might, by 1877, show shattering to the reason for equality. And but Douglass was appropriate, as his biographer David W. Blight writes on this situation, in understanding that “america had been reinvented by conflict and by new egalitarian impulses rooted in emancipation.” Douglass’s essay, which Blight brilliantly annotates for us, is “stuffed with radical brimstone, cautious hope, and a totally new imaginative and prescient of constitutional authority.”
The Reconstruction interval has been a subject for The Atlantic throughout the centuries. This particular situation, edited by our senior editor Vann R. Newkirk II, working alongside our editor-at-large, Cullen Murphy, and our managing editor John Swansburg, is supposed to look at the enduring penalties of Reconstruction’s tragic fall at a second—but one other second—when the reason for racial progress faces sustained stress. The thought for this situation emerged from a dialog I had not way back with Lonnie G. Bunch III, the secretary of the Smithsonian Establishment and the founding director of the Smithsonian’s Nationwide Museum of African American Historical past and Tradition. Bunch is, amongst different issues, a stupendous builder, a conscientious American patriot, and an impresario of reminiscence. He’s additionally a scholar of the Freedmen’s Bureau archives, and the writer of a shifting article concerning the bureau’s work.
Our dialog at first targeted on the necessity to full the exploration and digitization of the imperishably vital archives, however then it ranged extra broadly. Each of us felt that, on this interval of political and social response, revisiting the centrality of Reconstruction, and of guarantees made and damaged, could be an apt topic for this journal. Bunch writes in his article:
Librarians across the nation really feel the chilling results of e-book bans. Some people who search to occupy the best workplace within the land concern the consequences of an Superior Placement class that explores African American historical past—a historical past that, as schooling officers in Florida have maintained, “lacks academic worth”; a historical past that doesn’t need to be remembered.
As Newkirk, who has written an interesting article concerning the Fisk College choir, famous to me, “If the final seven years on this nation have confirmed something, it’s to point out simply how uncompleted, and fragile, the venture of Reconstruction really is.”
Within the curiosity of reminiscence, we requested our deputy editor Yoni Appelbaum, a historian by commerce, to look at The Atlantic’s combined report on questions of Reconstruction. I would like to inform you that Frederick Douglass spoke singularly for this journal on the topic, however there’s additionally the matter of Woodrow Wilson, a frequent contributor to The Atlantic within the years earlier than he turned president. Wilson was a primary contributor to a 1901 collection on this journal targeted on Reconstruction. The collection, which additionally featured W. E. B. Du Bois (thank goodness), has an excessive amount of of a “good folks on either side” air about it. As Appelbaum notes, Wilson’s critique of Reconstruction was appalling. “The negroes have been exalted; the states have been misgoverned and looted of their identify,” Wilson wrote. This went on, he continued, till “the whites who have been actual residents obtained management once more.”
Illumination is the purpose of this situation. We’ve nice students, together with Peniel E. Joseph, whose article, “The Revolution By no means Ended,” focuses on the Black Individuals who continued the work of Reconstruction even after federal troops withdrew from the South, and Drew Gilpin Faust, a former president of Harvard and a famous Civil Battle scholar, who writes concerning the Secret Six, the boys uncovered after the conflict for having funded John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry. Eric Foner, in some ways the dean of Reconstruction scholarship, writes on James Longstreet, the Accomplice common who accepted the Union’s victory and took up the reason for rebuilding the nation.
On the middle of this situation, unfold throughout 32 pages, you’ll discover one thing shocking and superb: an unique play by Anna Deavere Smith, a contributing author at The Atlantic in addition to a playwright, a performer, and an precise genius. I don’t doubt that you’ll in the future see the play, This Ghost of Slavery, on Broadway. After I first began speaking with Smith about writing for this situation, she had predictably sensible concepts for an extended exploration of juvenile justice and its roots within the slave system, however we quickly realized that an essay couldn’t comprise all that she was making an attempt to attain. So I instructed that she write a play. We recruited our nationwide editor, Scott Stossel, to function her dramaturge. Spend time with this play. It should transfer you. Spend time with this entire situation, in actual fact: It asks, and solutions, the questions that almost all should be requested.
This editor’s word seems within the December 2023 print version with the headline “The Questions That Most Want Asking.”