HomeCyclingLearn how to Plan A Biking Coaching Program For Disabled Youngsters

Learn how to Plan A Biking Coaching Program For Disabled Youngsters

I educate a bicycle mechanics program to kids and teenagers with developmental and psychological disabilities. My information of bicycle mechanics stems first from my love of driving bicycles. I started commuting by bike in school 8 years in the past and I’ve been doing it ever since.

Whereas transferring across the nation I used to be continuously taking my bike aside and placing it again collectively so I might match it in delivery containers. I began gathering instruments that might assist me in my endeavor and ultimately, I began shopping for nicer and extra completely different bikes.

Two years in the past I noticed I needed to work within the bike trade so I went to the United Bicycle Institute to bolster my information of mechanics and store operation. Whereas receiving my certification I used to be impressed to show what I had realized. And from there, that is how I bought concerned in educating a bicycle mechanics program to kids and teenagers with disabilities.

Children cycling in park

Understanding the disabilities

First I’ve to cowl a number of floor guidelines to assist of us perceive what “developmental disabilities” truly are. Not each youngster or teen I work with has Down Syndrome or is on the Autistic spectrum, and never everybody has a bodily incapacity both. Myself and different fellow caretakers must comply with strict rules on what kind of well being data is shared.

Some disabilities are very obvious and others not a lot. Every child is completely different and receives as a lot consideration because the group of us can muster. And identical to with all various kinds of folks, there are all various kinds of studying types. Some youngsters be taught greatest by doing and a few by asking questions.

Some are very excited to be in this system and different’s consideration spans border on 2-3 seconds. What I did was design a program to show the scholars I work with about bicycle mechanics and store operation in a approach that would appear enjoyable and attention-grabbing.

We additionally present incentives for teenagers who full a sure variety of hours in this system. I work for a big nonprofit group that happily for me had the sources already in place for me to have the ability to try one thing like this. Not licensed to maintain the youngsters full time, I’m surrounded by employees members who’re at a 1:1 student-to-staff ratio. They deal with any disciplinary or medical points, which leaves me to have the ability to focus solely on educating.

My job (aside from educating) is to function a motorcycle rental store through which all proceeds return into varied packages for the scholars who are available and we’re a part of a a lot bigger nonprofit that has near 1000 workers.

Bike lane with trees

Planning this system

Now for extra about this system itself; I designed it to final 6 weeks barring any interruptions within the youngsters’ schedules (that are fairly frequent). Week one consists of getting the kids-oriented within the store setting, laying out store guidelines and pointers, and introducing them to the remainder of the employees I make use of.

For instance adherence to the close-toed shoe coverage, introduction to our level of sale system, and an understanding of the chain of command. In earlier years the youngsters have volunteered right here within the store beneath one other supervisor however developed dangerous habits. They noticed the store as a spot to return mess around away from the watchful eyes of their dwelling employees. Once I took over as supervisor I needed them to grasp that this was not a spot to goof off.

I needed them to grasp that I had expectations of them. No matter their disabilities, I needed them to perceive their very own potential.

This requires loads of persistence on my half. I keep in mind one time once I pulled up a schematic of a component for certainly one of our bikes and we tried to troubleshoot the issue as a bunch. I pointed to a set of disc brake calipers and requested a younger man of about 16 to learn to me the identify of the half we wanted to order. He checked out me plainly and with utmost certainty, he mentioned “I can’t learn.”

Everybody seemed round as if this was a reasonably regular prevalence and that perhaps 3-5 of the youngsters I had within the store couldn’t learn. I used to be stunned. It had by no means occurred to me that literacy could be a problem. Up till this level, I used to be enthusiastic about how extremely functioning everybody within the group was. This didn’t deter me from persevering with to ask them questions and put instruments of their fingers.

After they had been snug spending time within the store they usually knew the place issues had been positioned, we began bolstering their information of bikes. Some youngsters had been excited and intent on studying. Others couldn’t have cared much less. Their disinterest bordered on disrespect; they lashed out at me and their employees for making them do one thing that they had no real interest in.

One younger man mentioned to his caretaker, “If you don’t depart me alone I’ll smack you till scream bloody homicide.” Albeit type of comical and really particular it was nonetheless not the perfect perspective for studying. So we took a break. I requested him what he want to do and instructed him I might definitely try this after I took care of the fundamentals. He got here again in with an understanding of the duty forward.

Small girl on a bike

Realizing The Bike

1. Introduce The Bike Anatomy 

First, we put a motorcycle up on the stand and started going over bike anatomy. Earlier than their arrival, I had ordered them shirts with a labeled diagram of a motorcycle on it in order that those who might learn would have a bit cheat sheet once I requested them to call the components I pointed to. I might level to a component and see if they may determine it out by way of context clues or in the event that they already knew.

For instance, after pointing to the chain keep I might level to the seat keep and inform them it was one other type of keep however that it was related to the seat. They had been capable of get it with some prodding. I’ll say that the bike anatomy and gear identify portion of our program is the toughest half. The children don’t have nice recollections and don’t think about it very a lot enjoyable on common. I often wish to reward them with a fast 1-2 mile bike journey as soon as we end to allow them to clear their ideas and are available again able to work.

2. Give Them The Instruments For Repairs

As soon as they’ve a working information, we put instruments of their fingers and start with the most straightforward but most finished restore in any store, altering a tube. Armed with tire levers I give them step-by-step directions. Releasing the air from the tube if there may be any, utilizing the tire ranges to pry the bead up out of the rim, eradicating the previous tube from the tire, checking the internal wall of the tire for perforations or something that would puncture the tube, after which changing the tube and placing the tire again on.

Bike parts

They need to transfer so quick by this as a result of they suppose they already know methods to do it. Of their bullheaded teenage minds, they suppose they know every part and that doing it slowly and with intention is a waste of time. This requires a lot persistence, that I repeat myself time and again, and but I nonetheless really feel like I’m speaking to 5 brick partitions.

A lot of them find yourself utilizing the tire levers to pry the tire again on and I’ve to determine some strategy to present them that is incorrect. We don’t need to pinch the tube.

3. Let Them Make Errors 

Maybe if I allow them to do it themselves they usually pinch the tube they’ll perceive that’s not the specified end result. I take a step again and like magic, I hear that dreaded hiss of the snake chew pinch. One pupil’s new tube goes flat and he’s type of involved. I reassured him that it was high-quality however that if he had listened early then this might have been prevented.

I believe probably the most necessary classes we are able to be taught as human beings is the lesson of persistence. The adage goes that Rome wasn’t in-built a day. After 26 years I’m nonetheless getting the grasp of it and educating persistence is even more durable than studying it. So after slowing them down and strolling them by the best strategy to do it we lastly have a breakthrough.

4. Bear in mind, It Is Not A Private Matter

Nevertheless, there’s a disclaimer, the highway to having an impression on a pupil’s life (particularly one with disabilities) is an extended and unforgiving one. It’s exhausting to know what’s going to have an effect and it’s exhausting to suppose you’re making any progress in any respect. Not per week after this incident I let some college students change a tube unsupervised solely to return out and see them utilizing the tire levers to pry the tire again onto the rim.

You will need to keep in mind that this isn’t a private matter. They don’t seem to be disrespecting me by doing one thing I instructed them to not. This isn’t a conflict of instructor and pupil, they’re merely attempting to take a shortcut as a result of it’s simpler and fewer embarrassing than asking for assist.

My recommendation for anybody in the same educating scenario could be to recollect this final little story above. Youngsters are youngsters, they haven’t seen as a lot as you and that’s the reason we should present them the easiest way to do issues. It could solely get simpler for them.

My Documented Progress

Week 3

Week 3: I’ve them doing minor repairs on store bikes and their bikes beneath my supervision. You will need to incentivize them on this approach. They reply to particular therapy the identical as anybody else does. Letting them go on rides or serving to them repair their bikes which have been storage mascots for a 12 months is an effective way to encourage their like to journey.

This in flip will encourage their curiosity concerning the mechanics of all of it. Now it’s not that straightforward, however I believe like most youngsters they take pleasure in their freedom. It’s exhausting to know why they reply positively and negatively to various things. I typically suppose that the treatment in tandem with the incapacity typically performs the biggest position in how they react to authority and the way they be taught.

In the end if they will really feel answerable for their very own selections and really feel like they’re making an impression on a bigger group then they really feel extra concerned and enthusiastic about what they’re studying.

Disabled children in workshop

Week 4 

Weeks 4-6 will proceed in the same vein; if we have now repairs that want doing they’ll do them with my supervision. I’ll attempt to ask the best questions in order that they will come to the best conclusions themselves. I’m at all times attempting to get them to be extra vocal and ask for assist once they want it.

I at all times ask first for them to inform me what they suppose if we’re diagnosing a restore. I ask them if there are different components we want to consider. Like I mentioned earlier than I’m fairly fortunate that I’ve the sources I do and the backing of a pretty big nonprofit. The aim is to show the scholars what we are able to and encourage a information of mechanics and a love of bicycles.

To us, some components are expendable. I might somewhat break one thing and have them be taught than be unwilling to make errors. I additionally need to them perceive the place to search for the solutions they don’t know. We’ve got an infinite wealth of data on-line and I’ve a number of books from my research in my certification program.


My takeaways to date have been to be affected person and handle my expectations. I assumed that I might change the world in six weeks and I most definitely received’t have the ability to. I believe realistically I can encourage 1 out of 5 youngsters and that isn’t so dangerous. Perhaps they will transfer on and encourage extra. They’ll share their experiences again at their group properties with the opposite youngsters they reside with and perhaps new youngsters will need to come down subsequent 12 months.

Child get an idea


At what age is a toddler often capable of journey a bicycle with coaching wheels?

Your youngster will have the ability to journey a bicycle with coaching wheels round age 4. However remember the fact that it is likely to be completely different for various youngsters. 

Do youngsters want to start out with coaching wheels?

It’s higher in case your child can begin with out coaching wheels. 

Why is biking good for teenagers?

Biking is an effective exercise for teenagers as a result of it helps them develop motor expertise, and discover ways to stability, management, and coordinate their actions. 


On the very least I can get them out of their regular routine at some point per week and get them outdoor and uncovered to bikes in a approach they haven’t but encountered. All of those tales are utterly true and I get much more each week. I benefit from the youngsters despite the fact that it’s the most mentally taxing endeavor I’ve ever undertaken.

I hope to have the ability to develop our program into a motorcycle share program for each workers and college students that approach we are able to do longer rides and develop right into a extra passionate bike-friendly group. What’s your tackle this? Let me know within the feedback 

Additionally Learn

This text was crafted by Ryan Ross, a seasoned knowledgeable, bringing years of expertise and information about all varieties of bikes. Our aim is to offer you correct, dependable, and useful insights that can assist you make knowledgeable selections and improve your biking expertise.

Ought to you may have any questions or require additional clarification on the subject, please be at liberty to attach with our knowledgeable writer Ryan Ross by leaving a remark beneath. We worth your engagement and are right here to help you.

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