HomeHealthSubway Rooster — 50 % Rooster, 50 % Filler?

Subway Rooster — 50 % Rooster, 50 % Filler?

By Dr. Mercola

By now you might have heard the stunning information: Subway “rooster” might include simply 50 p.c rooster.1 The remaining is filler. As reported by Time journal:2

“In line with exams carried out at Trent College in Canada, the corporate’s rooster strips and oven-roasted rooster contained simply 43 p.c and 54 p.c rooster DNA, respectively, consisting in any other case of soy and different filler elements.”

Subway denies the fees and has demanded a retraction from CBC Market, but admits it’s “involved by the alleged findings.” In line with Subway, its rooster strips and oven-roasted rooster include lower than 1 p.c soy protein.

“We’ll look into this once more with our provider to make sure that the rooster is assembly the excessive customary we set for all of our menu objects and elements,” the corporate stated in a press release.3

Fashionable rooster sandwiches from Wendy’s, McDonalds, A&W and Tim Hortons had been additionally included within the testing. All, except Subway, examined as “largely” rooster, ranging between 85 and 90 p.c rooster DNA.

Subway Rooster — Principally Filler?

If solely half, or much less, of Subway rooster is precise rooster, what’s the remainder of it manufactured from? The filler, it seems, is a really lengthy checklist of elements, proven within the CBC Market program above. Nevertheless, a majority of it’s soy protein. John Coupland, president of the Institute of Meals Technologists (IFT), instructed Time Journal:4

“Assuming the info is correct, that could be a surprisingly great amount of soy … And it is astonishingly excessive for one thing that you just’re presupposed to suppose is an actual, entire piece of rooster.”

On common, quick meals rooster accommodates about one-quarter much less protein than home-cooked rooster breast, because of water infusions and fillers, and as much as eight instances extra sodium.

Furthermore, as famous in this system, when you’d by no means anticipate rooster to be a supply of carbohydrates, quick meals rooster reminiscent of that from Subway include surprisingly excessive quantities of refined starches and sugars.

Soy Protein Linked to Well being Issues

If the take a look at outcomes are legitimate, there are lots of causes for concern. Not solely are you being ripped off, paying for rooster that seems to be 50 p.c soy, which is dirt-cheap as compared, however you are additionally consuming one thing that may very well be hazardous to your well being, even in the event you’re not outright allergic to soy.

Not like the Asian tradition, the place individuals eat small quantities of entire, fermented non-GMO soybean merchandise, western meals processors separate the soybean into two golden commodities — protein and oil. And there’s nothing pure or secure about both.

Unfermented soy meals include anti-nutritional elements reminiscent of soyatoxin, phytates, protease inhibitors, oxalates, goitrogens and estrogens — a few of which really intervene with the enzymes you have to digest protein.

Whereas a small quantity of those anti-nutrients would not going trigger an issue, the quantity of soy many Individuals now eat is extraordinarily excessive.

What’s worse, the overwhelming majority of soy grown within the U.S. is genetically engineered (GE) to be herbicide resistant and contaminated with the well-documented carcinogenic herbicide, Roundup.

Soybeans are additionally processed by acid washing in aluminum tanks, which may leach aluminum into the ultimate soy product, and should include unsafe ranges of manganese as effectively.

In line with Kaayla Daniel, Ph.D., creator of “The Entire Soy Story,” hundreds of research hyperlink unfermented soy to a variety of well being issues, together with:


Kidney stones

Breast most cancers

Reproductive problems

Immune system impairment

Hazard throughout being pregnant and nursing

Toddler abnormalities

Coronary heart illness

Cognitive decline

Digestive misery

Meals allergic reactions

Mind injury


Thyroid dysfunction

Opposed results in infants fed soy method, together with manganese toxicity, and DNA methylation with unknown implications5

The Hidden Prices of Manufacturing facility Farmed Rooster

As beforehand famous by the Cornucopia Institute,6 the value of rooster has dropped dramatically over the previous few a long time, changing into the most affordable meat obtainable within the U.S. Because of this, consumption has doubled since 1970.

Seeing how rooster is meant to be a wholesome supply of top quality protein, the truth that it has change into so reasonably priced would possibly appear to be an awesome profit. However there is a main flaw on this equation. Because it seems, it is just about unimaginable to mass-produce clear, secure, optimally nutritious meals at all-time low costs.

The hidden prices of low cost manufacturing facility farmed rooster could be divided into three broad classes: moral prices, environmental prices and human well being prices.

When it comes to moral prices, analysis has proven that chickens usually are not solely clever, they expertise struggling simply as animals increased up within the meals chain, together with people. As beforehand reported by The Cornucopia Institute:7

“Chickens have nervous techniques much like ours, and after we do issues to them which are more likely to damage a delicate creature, they present behavioral and physiological responses which are like ours.

When careworn or bored, chickens present what scientists name ‘stereotypical conduct,’ or repeated futile actions, like caged animals who tempo backwards and forwards.”

Environmental Prices of Rooster CAFOs

The environmental prices of rooster CAFOs are fairly huge. Concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) are infamous for producing large quantities of offensive and poisonous waste that disturbs and pollutes the native eco system.

In line with a report8 by Setting America, Tyson Meals Inc. is the worst polluter of U.S. waterways, releasing 104.4 million kilos of poisonous pollution into waterways between 2010 and 2014, second solely to a metal manufacturing firm.

Of the highest 15 polluters on this checklist, six are meals corporations, commingling with among the largest chemical producers on this planet. Surprisingly, manufacturing facility farms are literally exempt from federal water-pollution regulation.9 This regardless of agriculture being a major motive why America’s waterways fail to fulfill Clear Water Act requirements.10,11 Agriculture can also be answerable for practically one-fifth of the complete U.S. carbon footprint,12 and is a big supply of air air pollution as effectively.

As just lately famous by Brooke Harper, chair of the Maryland-NAACP Environmental Justice Committee, “Publicity to airborne contaminants have been related to adversarial well being results reminiscent of bronchial asthma and different respiratory diseases.” Harper is at the moment concerned in an effort to find out whether or not the 100 rooster operations in Wicomico County are contributing to Maryland having the best charges of coronary heart and lung illness within the U.S.13

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Human Well being Prices of Rooster CAFOs

In addition to the well being ramifications suffered by those that reside close to CAFOs and are uncovered to the environmental contamination brought on by these manufacturing facility farms, low cost CAFO rooster additionally take a hidden toll in your well being whenever you eat them — partially as a result of their diet is inherently inferior, partially as a result of they’re contaminated with antibiotics and partially as a result of they elevate your danger of contracting a foodborne sickness.

Manufacturing facility farms additionally unfold pandemic ailments amongst livestock, and in some instances amongst people too. The hen flu is probably an ideal instance. Mere days in the past, Reuters14 reported outbreaks of H5 hen flu strains amongst wild birds and poultry in Europe, Africa and Asia. And, whereas the dangers to people is at the moment described as low, the World Well being Group (WHO) is but once more retaining a detailed eye on the scenario.

In China, human-to-human transmission of H7N9 hen flu is being reported, and seven p.c of those instances have turned out to be drug-resistant — a now well-known facet impact of extreme antibiotic use in animal farming, together with poultry.

CAFO Antibiotics Pose Extreme and Fast Risk

Scientists have warned us concerning the fast emergence of antibiotic-resistant micro organism for a number of years now, and the warnings solely develop louder. Simply final month, WHO said there are actually at the least one dozen drug-resistant superbugs posing an infinite risk to human well being. Among the many most harmful are methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea. In line with The New York Occasions:15

“The speed at which new strains of drug-resistant micro organism have emerged in recent times, prompted by overuse of antibiotics in people and livestock, terrifies public well being consultants. Many think about the brand new strains simply as harmful as rising viruses like … Ebola.

Britain’s chief medical officer, Sally C. Davies, has described drug-resistant pathogens as a nationwide safety risk equal to terrorism, and Dr. Thomas R. Frieden, the just lately retired director of the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention, referred to as them ‘one in every of our most severe well being threats.'”

On February 22, 2017, a joint report from the European Centre for Illness Prevention and Management (ECDC) and the European Meals Security Authority (EFSA) warned they’ve discovered excessive ranges of drug resistance in micro organism from people, animals and meals throughout Europe.16,17 Salmonella, generally present in pork, which may trigger very extreme sickness in people, exhibits notably excessive multi-drug resistance.

Stunning Rise in A number of-Drug-Resistant Infections Amongst Youngsters

Newsweek additionally just lately reported the outcomes of a examine18 exhibiting a quickly rising variety of youngsters are being affected by infections immune to a number of medicine (MDR):19

“Amongst roughly 107,000 diagnoses of Enterobacteriaceae infections within the hospital information they examined, the researchers discovered 724 cases of multi-drug resistance. That is simply 1 p.c of the infections immune to antibiotics, however the eight-year span of the examine … reveals a stunning development …

[T]he proportion of those infections that had been immune to antibiotics rose from 0.2 p.c in 2007 to 1.5 p.c in 2015. ‘For most people, the change from 0.2 to 1.5 p.c might not imply quite a bit,’ says pediatrician and epidemiologist Sharon Meropol, who was lead creator of the examine. ‘However for infectious illness consultants, it is ominous’…

Many of the MDR infections had been current within the youngsters earlier than they arrived on the hospital, which suggests an rising quantity of superbugs are circulating in U.S. communities.”

Soy: It is What’s for Dinner

Circling again to soy for a second, a latest report20,21 by Mighty Earth highlights the environmental impression of soybeans. Extra particularly, the report accuses Burger King of shopping for soy from plantations created by burning down tropical forests.

“To look at the impression of Burger King’s operations, we centered on the last word supply of a lot of their meat: the soybeans that feed the livestock that the corporate makes use of to make its meals. Soy is a crucial base ingredient of the world’s meat. Roughly three-quarters of the world’s soy goes to animal feed,” the report notes.

“…Burger King has quite a bit to cover: The quick meals big has didn’t undertake any severe insurance policies to guard native ecosystems within the manufacturing of its meals. Regardless of strain from shoppers, it continues to rank useless final amongst its rivals … with regards to defending the setting.

Firms present in Burger King’s provide chain have been linked to ongoing destruction of forests and native prairies — habitat for wildlife like sloths, jaguars, big anteaters and different species.

Not like a lot of its rivals, Burger King has repeatedly turned down requests from civil society organizations to decide to solely shopping for from suppliers who do not interact in destruction of forests, or to offer details about the place its commodities originate … Burger King scored a zero on the Union of Involved Scientists’ 2016 scorecard of main beef sellers’ deforestation profiles, considerably lagging behind different main gamers like Wal-Mart, McDonald’s and Wendy’s.”

Soy Is Unhealthy, however Roundup Is Even Worse

Glyphosate — the lively ingredient in Monsanto’s wide-spectrum herbicide Roundup and different pesticides — is probably the most broadly used agricultural chemical on this planet. The primary glyphosate-tolerant soybeans had been launched within the U.S. in 1994. By 2015, 83 p.c of the soy grown worldwide was GE soy,22 and within the U.S. greater than 90 p.c of soybeans grown are GE.

Lower than 1 p.c are natural, with the remaining 9 p.c being conventionally grown which, like GE varieties, includes using herbicides like Roundup.23 Glyphosate contamination is in and of itself a serious motive to keep away from meals containing soy protein. And if Subway rooster actually accommodates as a lot soy because the Canadian take a look at suggests, it will be a big motive to keep away from it too. Do not forget that lower than 1 p.c of soy is natural and freed from pesticides.

In March, 2015, the Worldwide Company for Analysis on Most cancers (IARC), a analysis arm of the World Well being Group (WHO) and the “gold customary” in carcinogenicity analysis, reclassified glyphosate as a “possible human carcinogen” (Class 2A).24 Analysis scientist and advisor Anthony Samsel has additionally reported he uncovered proof exhibiting Monsanto knew glyphosate promotes most cancers way back to 1981.

Primarily based on the IARC’s willpower, the California company of environmental hazards (OEHHA) has declared glyphosate a carcinogen beneath Proposition 65, and would require all glyphosate-containing merchandise to hold a most cancers warning. Monsanto tried to overturn the OEHHA’s resolution, however a Fresno County Superior Courtroom Choose dominated in opposition to it.25,26,27

Monsanto Fights to Preserve Lid on Roundup Most cancers Cowl-Up

Greater than 60 plaintiffs are additionally suing Monsanto, claiming Roundup brought on or contributed to their or a beloved one’s non-Hodgkin lymphoma. In its protection, Monsanto has relied closely on the U.S. Environmental Safety Company’s (EPA) hotly contested willpower that glyphosate is “not more likely to be carcinogenic” to people, issued on September 12, 201628 — greater than a yr after the IARC categorized it as a possible carcinogen.

In line with a latest court docket submitting29 requesting the deposition of Jess Rowland, former affiliate director of the EPA’s Pesticide Well being Results Division,30 the EPA’s favorable ruling on glyphosate was reached to guard Monsanto’s pursuits.31 As just lately reported by Bloomberg:32

“A federal decide stated … he is inclined to order the retired official, Jess Rowland, to undergo questioning by attorneys for the plaintiffs, who contend he had a ‘extremely suspicious’ relationship with Monsanto … Plaintiffs say the litigation has turned up paperwork exhibiting that Rowland … was ‘straining, and infrequently breaking, ethics and guidelines to learn Monsanto’s enterprise.’

Inside Monsanto communications reveal a push to publish the report by Rowland’s Most cancers Evaluation Evaluate Committee to ‘preempt different potential actions or inquiries concerning the risks of glyphosate’ … One other exhibit is a letter from a former EPA scientist to Rowland arguing there are scientific grounds for the EPA to reclassify glyphosate from a ‘potential human carcinogen’ to a ‘possible’ cancer-causing agent.”

The place to Discover Healthful Meals

With all of the drawbacks related to standard agriculture, CAFOs and processed quick meals, your finest wager is to forgo eating places and select recent, regionally produced meals. It’s also possible to develop a few of your personal. Keep in mind to decide on natural, grass-fed/pasture-raised beef, poultry and dairy, along with natural produce. In the event you reside within the U.S., the next organizations might help you find farm-fresh meals:

American Grassfed Affiliation

The aim of the American Grassfed Affiliation is to advertise the grassfed business by way of authorities relations, analysis, idea advertising and marketing and public schooling.

Their web site additionally lets you seek for AGA authorized producers licensed in keeping with strict requirements that embrace being raised on a food regimen of 100% forage; raised on pasture and by no means confined to a feedlot; by no means handled with antibiotics or hormones; born and raised on American household farms.


EatWild.com supplies lists of farmers recognized to supply uncooked dairy merchandise in addition to grass-fed beef and different farm-fresh produce (though not all are licensed natural). Right here you too can discover details about native farmers markets, in addition to native shops and eating places that promote grass-fed merchandise.

Weston A. Value Basis

Weston A. Value has native chapters in most states, and plenty of of them are linked with shopping for golf equipment in which you’ll be able to simply buy natural meals, together with grass-fed uncooked dairy merchandise like milk and butter.

Grassfed Trade

The Grassfed Trade has an inventory of producers promoting natural and grass-fed meats throughout the U.S.

Native Harvest

This web site will make it easier to discover farmers markets, household farms and different sources of sustainably grown meals in your space the place you should buy produce, grass-fed meats, and plenty of different goodies.

Farmers Markets

A nationwide itemizing of farmers markets.

Eat Nicely Information: Healthful Meals from Wholesome Animals

The Eat Nicely Information is a free on-line listing of sustainably raised meat, poultry, dairy and eggs from farms, shops, eating places, inns, resorts and on-line retailers in the USA and Canada.

Neighborhood Concerned in Sustaining Agriculture (CISA)

CISA is devoted to sustaining agriculture and selling the merchandise of small farms.


The FoodRoutes “Discover Good Meals” map might help you join with native farmers to seek out the freshest, tastiest meals potential. On their interactive map, you could find an inventory for native farmers, CSAs and markets close to you.

The Cornucopia Institute

The Cornucopia Institute maintains web-based instruments score all licensed natural manufacturers of eggs, dairy merchandise, and different commodities, based mostly on their moral sourcing and genuine farming practices separating CAFO “natural” manufacturing from genuine natural practices.


In the event you’re nonetheless not sure of the place to seek out uncooked milk, take a look at Uncooked-Milk-Information.com and RealMilk.com. They will let you know what the standing is for legality in your state, and supply an inventory of uncooked dairy farms in your space.

The Farm to Shopper Authorized Protection Fund33 additionally supplies a state-by-state overview of uncooked milk legal guidelines.34 California residents may discover uncooked milk retailers utilizing the shop locator obtainable at www.OrganicPastures.com.

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